You probably don’t need to ask what is Android . Today, the Android operating system is present in approximately 250 crore active devices. Today Android phones are available in every home in India. Android has improved itself in a very short time and has become a very important mobile platform all over the world.
Well, if I tell the truth, many of us use Smartphones but they do not know whether their mobile phone is Android or Windows or iOS. There is nothing to feel bad about because everyone works in different fields, so if I ask a teacher to cut wood, he may not be able to do it. Similarly, if I ask a woodcutter to teach, he may not be able to do it. .
Keeping the same important objective in mind, today I am going to give you complete information about what is Android Operating System so that next time someone asks you about Android Phones or any other information related to Android, then you will also be able to answer it. Can happen. So let us know about what is Android , its history and future.
What is Android
Android is an operating system based on Linux kernel. You can see Android Operating System being used in your SmartPhones. If I say it in simple language, Linux is an operating system which is mainly used in server and desktop computers.
So Android is just a version of Linux which has been created after many modifications. Yes but it is related.
Android is an operating system that was designed keeping mobile in mind. So that all the functions and applications of the phone can be run easily.
Whatever you see on the phone display is a part of the operating system . Whenever you receive a call, text message or email, your OS processes it and presents it to you in a readable format.
Android OS has been divided into many versions and which have been given different numbers according to their features, operation, stability. So if you have ever heard such names as Android Lollipop, Marshmallow or Nougat, then let me tell you that all these are the names of different versions of Android OS or Operating System.
Android Inc. History
Android Inc. The original creators of Android are Andy Rubin, who was bought by Google in 2005 and after that he was made the head of Android Development. Google bought Android because they felt that Android was a very new and interesting concept, with the help of which they could create a powerful but free operating system and which later proved to be true.
With the help of Android, Google got a good reach of younger audience and with this, very good Android employees also joined Google.
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In March 2013, Andy Rubin decided to leave the company and set about working on another project. But even after this, there was no ups and downs in the position of Android and the vacant position of Andy Rubin was filled by Sundar Pichai.
Pichai, who hails from India, was previously the head of Chrome OS and Google used his expertise and experience well in this new project.
Android is a great mobile operating system
Android is a great mobile operating system created by Google. If we look at it, the software created by Google is used in almost all mobile phones in the world today. Except Apple’s iPhones.
Android is a Linux-based software system. As Linux is an Open Source software and it is also absolutely free. This means that other mobile companies can also use Android Operating Systems. The distinguishing factor in this is the kernel of this brand.
Hosts the Central Core of Android which is essentially a strip code and which helps the software to operate.
Different versions of Android
Below I have mentioned about different versions of Android Operating System. These are the versions that Android has released so far. And perhaps we have used many of them for the last few years and are still using them.
- Android 1.0 Alpha
- Android 1.1 Beta
- Android 1.5 Cupcake
- Android 1.6 Donut
- Android 2.1 Eclair
- Android 2.3 Froyo
- Android 2.3 Gingerbread
- Android 3.2 Honeycomb
- Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
- Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.2 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.3 Jelly Bean
- Android 4.4 KitKat
- Android 5.0 Lollipop
- Android 5.1 Lollipop
- Android 6.0 Marshmallow
- Android 7.0 Nougat
- Android 7.1 Nougat
- Android 8.0 Oreo
- Android 8.1 Oreo
- Android 9.0 Pie
- Android 10
- Android 11
- Android 12
- Android 13
- Android 14
Evolution of Android OS – Journey from Android Beta to Pie
I think all of you must be using Android Phones, or even tablets which use Android Operating System. Let me tell you that Android was developed by Google and Open Handset Alliance.
After that Android has been releasing its new versions since November 2007. A particularly interesting thing is that Android versions are given a special code name and are released in alphabetical order. This work is being done since April 2009.
Its different names are such as Cupcake, Donut, Éclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice cream sandwich, Jelly Bean, KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie. Seeing the name, you would have come to know that it has been named after desserts from all over the world.
Android Versions and their Features
Now I am going to tell you about the different versions of Android Operating System so that you can know what changes Android has brought in different versions.
This was the first Android version and was released in November 2007.
This was the first commercial version which was released on September 23, 2008. It had many features such as Android Market application, Web browser, zoom and plan full HTML, and XHTML web pages, cameras support, access to web email servers; Gmail; Google Contacts; Google Calendar; google maps; Google Sync; Google Search; Google Talk; YouTube; Wi-Fi etc.
This version is also known as “Petit Four” and was released on February 9, 2009. It had the feature of longer in-call screen timeout by default when you use speakerphone.
Along with this, there was also a facility to save attachments of messages.
Android 1.5 Cupcake
This Android 1.5 version was released on April 30, 2009, and it was based on Linux kernel 2.6.27. This was the first version that was named after a dessert.
This updated version had many such features like support for Widgets, third party virtual keyboard, video recording and playback, animated screen transitions etc. and with this you could upload videos in YouTube and photos in Picasa.
Android 1.6 Donut
It was released on September 15, 2009, and was based on Linux Kernel 2.6.29. There were many features in this version such as multilingual speech synthesis, gallery, camera, webcam etc. Along with this, it also supported WVGA screen resolutions.
Android 2.0/2.1 Eclair
On October 26, 2009, Eclair was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.29. With this change, it also got many features like expanded Account sync, Exchange email support, Bluetooth 2.1 support.
Along with this, you could also call, SMS or email someone by tapping the Contacts photo, along with this, it also had the facility of searching all saved SMS and MMS.
Along with this, other features like new camera features, improved typing speed on the virtual keyboard, improved Google Maps 3.1.2 were also available.
Android 2.2.x Froyo
Froyo means Frozen Yogurt and was released on May 20, 2010, and was based on Linux kernel 2.6.32.
Android 2.2.x, codenamed “Froyo,” was a significant milestone in the evolution of the Android operating system. Released in May 2010, Froyo brought several enhancements and new features to Android devices, contributing to the platform’s growth and popularity.
One of the key highlights of Froyo was the introduction of performance improvements, making the system more responsive and efficient. The Dalvik JIT compiler, introduced in this version, significantly enhanced the execution speed of applications. This resulted in smoother overall performance and a more responsive user experience.
Android 2.3.x Gingerbread
December 6, 2010, Gingerbread was released, which was based on Linux kernel 2.6.35. It had many features like extra-large screen sizes, faster text input in the virtual keyboard, enhanced copy paste functionality, support for Near Field Communication, New Download Manager.
Along with this, Gingerbread supported many other things like multiple cameras on the device, improved power management, concurrent garbage collection etc.
Android 3.x Honeycomb
This version Android 3.0 was released on February 22, 2011. It was based on Linux kernel 2.6.36. It had a new virtual and “holographic” user interface with added system bar, action bar and redesigned keyboard.
Along with this, other features like multitasking, allows multiple browser tabs, provides quick access to the camera, support video for chat using Google Talk were also available.
Android 4.0.x Ice Cream Sandwich
The Ice Cream Sandwich version was publicly released on October 19, 2011. Its source code was made available on November 14, 2011.
With the help of this version, folders could be created easily, many features like separation of widgets in a new tab, integrated screenshot capture, better voice integration, consist of face unlock were available, along with this it had customizable launcher, improved copy and paste functionality. There were also features like built-in photo editor, improved camera app with zero shutter lag.
Android 4.0 consist of Android Beam a near field communication feature and support WebP image format।
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
Google released Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) on June 27, 2012, and it was based on Linux kernel 3.0.31. The main objective of this version was to increase the functionality and performance of the user interface.
This version has many features such as bi-directional text, ability to turn off notifications on apps, offline voice detection, Google Wallet, shortcuts and widgets, multichannel audio, Google Now search application, USB audio, audio chaining, etc.
Its second version which was 4.2 had many new features like new redesigned clock app and clock widgets, multiple user profiles, Photospheres, Daydream ScreenSavers etc.
Android 4.4 “KitKat”
Google released Android 4.4 KitKat in October 2013, and that too with the Nexus 5 Smartphone. This is the first time in Google’s history that Google has partnered with another brand for its Android mascot.
Yes friends, Google did a huge marketing campaign with Nestle to promote KitKat.
The main objective of the company was to make this new OS more efficient, faster and less resource intensive. This OS could also run on low-end hardware and older hardware so that other manufacturers could use it in their existing models.
This also gave him more encouragement. It also had some very special features which I have mentioned below.
- Google Now in the home screen
- New Dialer
- Full-screen apps
- Unified Hangouts app
- Redesigned Clock and Downloads apps
- Productivity enhancements
Android 5.0 L
When Android L was about to be released, there was a lot of whispering among the people regarding its name, some were naming it Licorice, some Lemonhead and some were naming it Lollipop. And when it was released on October 15, 2014, it was named Android Lollipop. Many such features were adopted in it which were not present in it earlier.
- Better Material Design, with colorful interfaces, playful transitions and much more.
- Multitasking has been redefined to work even better
- Some changes were brought in the notification so that you can see all the notifications together in the home screen and can also cancel it.
- Excellent Battery Life
- This mobile OS was no longer limited to just phones but now Android Wear was also promoted so that you could use it on your hands only.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
This version of Android was released on October 5, 2015. It was exactly similar in appearance to the previous Os. But some important changes were brought in it which made it different. I have mentioned some such features below so that you can get more information about it.
- Google Now on Tap with the help of which you can do other things without closing any app. In this you just have to press the Home button for a long time and Google Now will be overlayed with your current app.
- A little improvement was made in Cut & Paste. So that the user finds it easy to use.
- Voice Search directly from the Lock Screen, earlier only camera and emergency calls could be made but now Voice Search can also be done easily with it.
- Excellent Security
- Change in App Permission, in which earlier users had no rights over it, meaning users could not change it, but now it can be changed, for which you have to first go to Settings > Apps > [tap a particular app] > Permissions. Here you can do any Features can be turned on and off.
- Google Settings in one place
- For Smart Lock Passwords
- Better Power Saving Options for which you have to follow this path Settings > Battery > Battery optimization (available via the menu in the top-right corner)
- New UI tuner setting
- With this you can also easily edit the Quick Setting Menu.
Android 7.0 Nougat
Android Nougat was released with Google’s Pixel (Pixel XL) phones on October 4, 2016. It had many exciting features which were not present in earlier Android versions.
- Night Light through which you can sleep easily even at night without any trouble.
- Fingerprint swipe down gesture, for this you just have to swipe your finger across the screen.
- Daydream VR Mode
- App Shortcuts
- Circular app icons support
Along with this, some special features were also made available for Google’s Pixel users. for example
- Pixel Launcher
- Google Assistant
Unlimited original quality photo/video backup to Google Photos.
- Pixel Camera app
- Smart Storage deletes the old backup as soon as the storage is exhausted so that a new one can be stored.
- Phone/Chat support
- Dynamic calendar date icon.
Android 8.0 OREO
This was a much better Android Os update which has been replaced by a new update, if I say more about it then this Android 8.0 Oreo was released on August 18, 2017. Currently, you can use it in only a few devices such as Pixel, Pixel XL, Nexus 5X, Nexus 6P, Nexus Player, and the Pixel C. And the update will be made available in the remaining SmartPhones by the end of 2017. Now let us know what are the new features in this Android update.
- Enhanced Battery Life
- Picture-in-Picture (PiP) According to this, if you are watching a movie and you want to send an email, then you can easily do this work.
- Smart Text Selection
- Notification Dots in which if any new notification comes in any app then it will appear above it.
- Better Google Assistant
- New Autofill feature
- Wi-Fi Awareness : In this, your mobile will automatically start when it comes to a Wi-Fi zone.
- More safe and secure
Android 9.0 Pie
This is the latest Android Os update. This Android 9.0 Pie Os has been officially released on August 6, 2018. It has been named Android Pie, and it has many new and exciting features that make it special. If you have a Pixel smartphone, then you will easily get all the updates of Android Pie but only the digital detox elements. Excluding.
Other Android smartphones, such as Sony, Xiaomi, Oppo, Vivo, OnePlus and Essential will get these updates within a few months. Google itself has told that all these devices are part of their Beta programme.
Now let us know what are the new features in this Android update.
- Adaptive Battery : Adaptive Battery has been used in it, which uses machine learning to make the apps function properly. Apart from this, Apps are used in an energy-efficient manner so that they are turned on only when the user uses them, otherwise they remain in inactive state.
- Adaptive Brightness : It provides ambient lighting according to your personal preferences, and it makes those adjustments for you in the background.
- App Actions : This is a very new feature in which OS can predict what action you are going to take next based on the user’s app usage. This app can make predictions.
- Android Dashboard : It has been specially designed to understand the habits of the user, so that it can provide you meaningful engagement. It can show you how many times you unlock your phone, how many notifications you received, how many apps you used. Along with this, it gives you control over how and when you are spending your time.
- App Timer : This feature gives you control over how long you want to use your apps, it provides you a notification when the time is over. This is going to be very important for those people who want to make proper use of their time.
- Slush Gesture : With this feature you can turn your phone and automatically bring it into Do Not Disturb mode.
- Wind Down Mode : In this feature you just have to tell Google Assistant about your sleeping time and when that time is near then it automatically turns on Do Not Disturb and turns on the greyscale mode of your screen.
Android 10 is Google’s latest Mobile OS which has not been released yet. After Android P, many new features have been added to it and keeping in mind the safety and security of the users, new safety features have also been installed in it.
Now let us know about some special features of Android Q.
Better Permissions Controls:
Compared to other Android versions, we will see much better permission controls in this, so that the user will get more control over his phone.
It is heard that Samsung and other companies are going to launch foldable phones soon and in such a situation they will need a new OS . So it is already designed to suit foldable phones.
In this, faster sharing can be done as compared to the earlier Os version. Which is going to be very useful for the users in future.
Built-in screen recording:
The facility of built-in screen recording has been provided in it, through which the screen can be recorded easily.
In-app settings panel:
Many such settings have been provided in the In-app settings panel which can increase the usability of the user.
System-wide dark mode
was a much-awaited update that many Android users wanted. That’s why they have provided system wide dark mode in the new update.
Depth formats for photos:
To improve this, they have also used depth formats in the photos so that the resolution of the photos can be significantly improved.
It has now started supporting HDR10+ also.
New theming options:
Many new theming options have been provided in it so that now users can easily choose their desired theme.
Better privacy protections in Android
As Android had already promised that they will strengthen the privacy protection of the new OS and they have done the same with this new OS.
Do Android updates cost money?
Downloading and installing Android Updates is absolutely free. By updating, you can get many new features in your mobile phone. And with each update the speed and performance of your Android phones increases.
Mostly you can get new updates of Android first in new and high-end Android phones. Yes, let us assume that you will definitely get at least one update in all Android phones and it is possible that in some phones you may get updates even twice.
Are Android’s Biggest Competitors Apple and Windows Phone
Apple may be Android’s biggest rival, but Windows Phone has also joined the same race. Slowly but surely, Windows Phone is also spreading its foot and developing itself as a reputable mobile ecosystem.
Although Apple and Android phones are still the first choice of people in the market, Windows Phone tried to increase the curiosity among people by providing good cameras in Nokia Mobiles.
Apple started both the SmartPhone and Tablet industries simultaneously when it released the iPhone in 2007 and the iPad in 2010. Both of them not only did well in the market but also got a lot of support from the people. Similarly, Android has also established its presence all over the world.
If we talk about popularity, even now Apple is performing better than Android. Similarly, if they are placed in order from most popular to least, then Apple can be placed first, Android second and Windows placed third.
This “Open Source” Model is what makes Android unique.
The biggest competition among Android SmartPhones and Tablets is Apple iPhone and iPad. The biggest difference between these two operating systems is that Android’s OS is Open Source and Free, whereas Apple’s iOS is completely closed, meaning nothing can be tampered with.
For example, in iOS we cannot change the default browser from Safari to Google Chrome.
In Apple, you have many restrictions in these default apps due to which there is a lot of difficulty in using them and you cannot even try anything new in it. Whereas Android is open source, you can use any apps of your choice in it.
The battle regarding the use of these two is very old, here I want to tell you one thing that it is all a matter of personal preference. The rest is up to you as to what type of SmartPhone you want to use.
Well, the way Android is launching new products and adopting new technologies, the future of Android looks very bright.
Recently, Google has given predictions about its future with strange gadgets like Smart Watch, Google Glass, Google Cars. We hope that Google becomes even more successful in this historic step. And create more great things to help the common people.
What did you learn today
I have full hope that I have given you complete information about what is Android (What is Android in Hindi) and I hope you have understood about Android.
I request all of you readers to share this information with your neighbors, relatives, and friends, so that there will be awareness among us and everyone will benefit greatly from it. I need your support so that I can provide more new information to you.
It has always been my endeavor to help my readers from every side, if you have any kind of doubt then you can ask me without any hesitation.
I will definitely try to solve those doubts. How did you like this article about Android, please tell us by writing a comment so that we also get a chance to learn something from your thoughts and improve something.